On 1 July 2009, the Fair Work Act comes into operation, replacing the Howard Government’s WorkChoices legislation. The new laws provide a fair safety net for workers that protects conditions such as maximum hours in a working week, the right to request flexible working arrangements, leave entitlements and public holiday pay. It means the coverage of 3 million more workers under unfair dismissal protections. The Act also promotes collective bargaining and collective agreements in which there’s a balance of power between employers and employees. WorkChoices is condemned by both sides of politics.